The Rules of Registry and Upgrading guidelines are incorporated into the by-laws and may only be amended in accordance with governing rules except where actions by the Board are specifically provisioned by these rules. The Board may at its discretion also institute additional policy guidance as appropriate to implement specific elements of the Guidelines. In the event that changes to the Guidelines are deemed appropriate by the Board or petition of more than 25% of the membership, proposed changes may be put to a vote of the membership at any time by posting notice 30 days prior to the date of the vote.

It shall be the duty of each member of the Association to obtain from the Association Application for Registry and Transfer forms with the most recent Rules of Registry printed thereon and to abide by the Rules of Registry.

Rules of Registry

The American Teeswater Sheep Association maintains permanent records of registrations and transfers of Teeswater Sheep. Separate records are maintained for white, naturally colored, recorded and foundation animals. Before any lamb is registered, the application for registration is checked through the records to insure that it is correct. Incomplete, incorrect, and illegible applications may be returned. Application for registration of animals should be presented to the Registrar on forms provided. Applications for Registration blanks are sent to breeders free of charge upon request and are available for download on the ATSA website. The appropriate fee should be sent with the registration request. Each breeder may permanently identify each animal by ear tag system and the ATSA strongly encourages a double ID system since ear tags can often be lost.

For registration in the ATSA, a Teeswater sheep must be able to trace in unbroken lines, through both sire and dam, to registration in a recognized US, or recognized UK Teeswater Sheep Association. Only sheep meeting the registration /recorded guidelines of the ATSA may be included in White, Naturally Colored Recorded or Foundation categories of the Registry. Anyone desiring to register sheep in the ATSA must provide the Association with evidence of such registration as may be acceptable to the Board of Directors of the ATSA. Acceptable evidence shall be official certificates of registry from recognized Teeswater associations, showing a minimum three generation pedigree, of registered parentage of the individual animal in question. The Board shall establish a list of recognized associations for inclusion in the ATSA registry and shall maintain the list on the Association website.

If an animal currently registered in another US association is the progeny of parents registered with the ATSA, the animal may be considered for inclusion into the ATSA registry provided that acceptable evidence of registry and appropriate supporting documentation, including required genetic testing is provided.

Animals registered with another US association with parentage that is not currently registered with the ATSA will be considered for inclusion into the recorded category of the registry, provided all other requirements are met. Specific exceptions to this are offspring that are direct progeny of AI sires that have acceptable AI service certificates that are submitted with registration applications as supporting documentation. These animals may be included into the White or Naturally Colored sections of the registry as appropriate. Blood percentage for such animals will be marked with an asterisk in the event the Dam is not registered or cannot trace its lineage to registered ATSA animals.

Upgrading Guidelines

The American Teeswater Sheep Association (ATSA) supports the development of white Teeswater sheep from the crossing of specific longwool breeds of non-Teeswater ewes with purebred Teeswater rams. The first generation (50%) blood bred back to a purebred 100% Teeswater sires produces a 75% blood. A second generation (75% blood) female, bred to a purebred 100% Teeswater sire produces an 87.5% blood, the fourth generation produces 93.7%, and a fifth generation produces 96.8%.

The foundation animals used in the first cross matings with ATSA registered parents must be white and registered with the recognized U.S. breed associations or their UK counterparts, as determined by the Board per the requirements of Section 1. Rules of Registry, or qualified first generation cross-bred foundation animals recorded in the ATSA’s foundation registry. No other foundation breeds shall be recognized. The following foundation breed registries are recognized by the ATSA: Bluefaced Leicesters, Border Leicester, Cotswold, Leicester Longwool, Lincoln, North American Wensleydale.

There is a separation of record keeping for white and naturally colored animals registered. The ATSA will take all reasonable steps to track the presence of colored genetics in the Teeswater population and include such information on registrations certificates. All applications for registration shall include parentage and fleece color. All white sires and dams producing colored offspring will have the designation of Color Factored (CF/White) added to their pedigree information.. White progeny of colored parents will have the designation CF/White added to their pedigree information.

All first cross lambs must be sired by use of 100% Teeswater semen from registered white Teeswater rams. Ewe lambs from this cross will be registered as 50% Teeswater. First cross male lambs will not be eligible for registration. All rams must be at least 75% Teeswater blood and test RR at codon 171 to be eligible for registration.

A sire must be registered as 75% Teeswater or higher before any progeny are eligible for registration when bred to registered Teeswater ewes.

Lambs will be registered with their blood percentage calculated from the use of two registered parents. i.e. 50% dam crossed with a 75% sire results in a 62.5% lamb. If this lamb is male, it is not eligible for registration.

The ATSA has set codon 171 standard for the use of imported semen, and beginning January 1, 2009, only semen from registered Teeswater rams testing RR at codon 171 will be eligible to sire registered animals.

Registered ewes that have met the UK Society’s requirements and are included in their Section 22 will be given the classification of Ewe of Merit. These ewes are suitable for producing lambs that may be registered in the UK Flock Book. *Refer to current UK Society Guidelines regarding their US Program. The Ewe of Merit designation may also be granted to ewes meeting the specific guidelines set forth by the Board in the Ewe of Merit Qualification Guidelines for US Producers Policy.

Registered offspring of Ewes of Merit sired via AI by purebred UK registered rams who are registered in the UK Society’s Flock Book or have met the requirements set forth by the Board in the Elite Qualification Guidelines for US Producers Policy shall be given the classification of Elite. Elite animals that have met qualification criteria or are included in the UK Society’s Flock Book will be considered Purebred Teeswaters and will have the value of 100% assigned to all future offspring calculations.

Procedure for Recorded Animals

Animals submitted for Recording with the ATSA shall meet the minimum recording standards set forth by the ATSA. Animals produced from acceptable matings that do not meet the above blood percentage registration thresholds will be included in the Recorded category. Rams testing QR at Codon 171 may be included in the Recorded category provided the Board has instituted the applicable exception in the year of the animals breeding. All applications for recorded animals shall include parentage and fleece color. Recorded animals will receive a Certificate of Recording. Subsequent offspring of recorded animals may be considered for registration provided all other requirements are met.

When determined appropriate for a given registration year the board may institute the following policies. These policies should be put into effect by a vote of the Board and initiated by January 15th of each year and expire on December 31st of the same year.

Temporary Exception to Upgrading Guidelines for Foundation Sires

First cross (F-1) lambs may be sired by the use of approved, domestic ATSA registered rams and white Foundation ewes, as defined above in Item II Foundation Ewes. Minimum blood percentage for rams to be considered for this exemption shall not be less than 92 % and may be increased if the Board deems it appropriate based on the availability of breeding stock. Ewe progeny (F-1) will be included in the Recorded category. Ram progeny, first cross (F-1) are not eligible for recording. In order for second generation matings (F-2) of recorded animals to be considered for inclusion as recorded/registered, the lambs blood % must be higher than the ewes blood % and meet all other requirements for recording/registering.

Prior to the inclusion of any (F-1) progeny in the ATSA Registry/Recorded or Foundation categories, the ram must be evaluated by ATSA Selection Subcommittee. The Selection Subcommittee will be appointed by the board and will include a minimum of 4 members. The Registrar will research the pedigree of animals submitted for evaluation and provide information and recommendations to the Committee. Members of the Committee may not vote on the acceptability of animals they have bred, owned or transferred. Owners of rams submitted to the Selection Subcommittee must provide all necessary information required for evaluation. Rams may be granted this exemption if found to be of good “Teeswater Type” and meet minimum blood percentage and color characteristics. Once approved, animals may be used in any subsequent year that the exemption is instated.

Temporary Exception to Upgrading Guidelines for QR Rams

Use of recorded rams testing QR at Codon 171, and meeting all other Registration criteria for breeding is allowed provided that all progeny submit proof of DNA testing for Codon 171 status. Resulting ewe lambs testing QR or RR at Codon 171 and meeting all other registration requirements will be eligible to be registered. Resulting rams lambs testing QR at Condon 171 will be eligible to be included in the recorded category and resulting ram lambs testing RR will be eligible be included in the REGISTRY provided all other requirements are met. Progeny of either sex testing QQ may not be either recorded or registered